demosthenes

"Beware lest in your anxiety to avoid war you obtain a master." -Demosthenes

Demosthenes (384-322 BC) was a Greek orater who made eloquent appeals for his countrymen to unite and preserve their freedom.

Friday, March 03, 2006

Saddam Hussein's campaigns of terror and genocide: the Dujail and Anfal campaigns



Saddam Hussein's death warrants for 148 people - as part of his Dujail campaign - could not be carried out for 48 of the people ... because those 48 people had already died during interrogation.



A mother and child lie dead in the Kurdish town of Halabja ... just two of the 100,000 Kurds murdered by Saddam Hussein's regime


Via The Belmont Club:

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The documents revealed some unbelievably terrifying facts about the Dujail massacre; can you imagine that when orders were given to execute the 148 "convicts" the prison authorities executed only 96 of them. Why? Because the remaining 48 "convicts" had already passed away during "interrogation"!! What kind of interrogation was that killed one third of the suspects?!

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See much more on the trial of Saddam Hussein at the excellent Iraq the Model blog.



Photos memorialize the victims of the Dujail massacre at the Dujail Free Prisoners' Association. Photo via the San Francisco Chronicle.


More on the Dujail Massacre is available from the San Francisco Chronicle.

Meanwhile this is what American teachers are talking about.

Via the Denver Post and Michelle Malkin.

UPDATE 3-3-06: Some excellent background on Saddam Hussein's incredible genocidal campaign against the Kurds is available from Michael Totten:

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The hardest thing to see was the cell used to hold children before they were murdered. My translator Alan read some of the messages carved into the wall.

“I was ten years old. But they changed my age to 18 for execution.”

“Dear Mom and Dad. I am going to be executed by the Baath. I will not see you again.”

10,725 people were killed in this one building alone.

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Saddam Hussein's regime murdered 100,000 Kurds during the Anfal campaign


Indeed, "during the Anfal campaign from February to September 1988, Iraqi troops swept through the highlands of Iraqi Kurdistan rounding up everyone who remained in government-declared 'prohibited zones.' Some 100,000 Kurds, mostly men and boys, were trucked to remote sites and executed."

Via Human Rights Watch:

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Unfortunately, governmental cowardice and opportunism have stymied past attempts to indict Saddam, as Human Rights Watch learned during its intensive efforts to bring him to justice in the 1990s. At the top of any indictment should be Saddam's 1988 genocidal Anfal campaign against Iraqi Kurds, described by Jeffrey Goldberg in this week's New Yorker. Named after a Koranic verse justifying pillage of the property of infidels, the Anfal campaign unfolded as the 1980-88 Iran-Iraq war was winding down. Iraqi Kurds had taken advantage of Saddam's preoccupation with Iran to seize control of parts of mountainous northern Iraq. But as soon as Iraqi troops could be withdrawn from the Iranian front, Saddam shifted them to the north.

Several thousand Kurdish villages were destroyed, forcing residents to live in appalling camps. In at least 40 cases, Iraqi forces under Saddam's cousin, Ali Hassan al-Majid, used chemical weapons to kill and chase Kurds from their villages. Then, during the Anfal campaign from February to September 1988, Iraqi troops swept through the highlands of Iraqi Kurdistan rounding up everyone who remained in government-declared "prohibited zones." Some 100,000 Kurds, mostly men and boys, were trucked to remote sites and executed. Only seven are known to have escaped.

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